Download E-books Racism: A Short History (Princeton Classics) PDF

By George M. Fredrickson

Are antisemitism and white supremacy manifestations of a common phenomenon? Why did not racism seem in Europe earlier than the fourteenth century, and why did it flourish as by no means prior to within the eighteenth and 19th centuries? Why did the 20th century see institutionalized racism in its so much severe kinds? Why are egalitarian societies really vulnerable to virulent racism? What do apartheid South Africa, Nazi Germany, and the yank South below Jim Crow have in universal? How did the Holocaust strengthen civil rights within the United States?

With an extraordinary mixture of studying, financial system, and slicing perception, George Fredrickson surveys the historical past of Western racism from its emergence within the overdue heart a while to the current. starting with the medieval antisemitism that positioned Jews past the light of humanity, he strains the unfold of racist pondering within the wake of ecu expansionism and the beginnings of the African slave exchange. And he examines how the Enlightenment and nineteenth-century romantic nationalism created a brand new highbrow context for debates over slavery and Jewish emancipation.

Fredrickson then makes the 1st sustained comparability among the color-coded racism of nineteenth-century the US and the antisemitic racism that seemed in Germany round the comparable time. He reveals similarity sufficient to justify the typical label but additionally significant modifications within the nature and capabilities of the stereotypes invoked. The booklet concludes with a provocative account of the increase and decline of the 20th century's brazenly racist regimes--the Jim Crow South, Nazi Germany, and apartheid South Africa--in the context of worldwide historic developments.

This illuminating paintings is the 1st to regard racism throughout one of these sweep of historical past and geography. it really is exclusive not just by means of its unique comparability of recent racism's most important varieties--white supremacy and antisemitism--but additionally via its eminent readability.

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