• Economics
  • Download E-books Ein ökonomisches Modell des Arztverhaltens (Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems) (German Edition) PDF

    By P. Zweifel, G. Gäfgen

    Massnahmen der Gesundheits- und Sozialpolitik, z. B. der Kosten dampfung im Gesundheitswesen, zielen oft auf eine Beeinflussung des Verhaltens der niedergelassenen Aerzte abo Mangels diffe renzierter Vorstellungen liber die komplexen Zusammenhange werden dabei Primitivannahmen getroffen, z. B. nur ein Einkommensin teresse des Arztes unterstellt oder plumpe Versuche direkter Kontrollen unternommen. Eine erfahrungswissenschaftliche Fundie rung solcher Massnahmen setzt im Gegensatz hierzu voraus: eine konsistente und liberprlifte Theorie arztlichen Verhaltens, welche es ermoglicht, vorherzusagen, wie Veranderungen der sozialen state of affairs und demnach auch neu zu treffende Massnahmen auf die Handhabung der Handlungsparameter der Aerzte einwirken, womit dann auch erwlinschte oder unerwlinschte Wirkungen eintreten. Flir den deutschen Sprachraum liegt eine solche Theorie des Arztver haltens bisher nicht vor, und in der internationalen Literatur wurden Theorien dieses Typs zwar formuliert, die aus ihnen zu ziehenden Schlussfolgerungen jedoch nur in wenigen Zusa enhan gen liberprlift, z. B. hinsichtlich des zusammenhangs zwischen Arztdichte und Inanspruchnahme arztlicher Leistungen im Rahmen der Diskussion liber arztinduzierte Mehrnachfrage. Die hier vorgelegte Arbeit von P. Zweifel flillt daher eine be deutsame Llicke aus. Dies gilt in methodischer Hinsicht, weil sie moderne mikrookonomische und okonometrische Verfahren auf einen Bereich anwendet, der angeblich wirtschaftswissenschaftlich nicht erschliessbar sein sollte und daher der medizinsoziologi schen Deutung oder gar nur der Spekulation des gesunden Menschen verstandes liberlassen struggle.

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  • Economics
  • Download E-books Advances in Mathematical Economics Volume 17 PDF

    By C. Castaing, P. Raynaud de Fitte (auth.), Shigeo Kusuoka, Toru Maruyama (eds.)

    A lot of monetary difficulties may be formulated as limited optimizations and equilibration in their recommendations. quite a few mathematical theories were providing economists with quintessential machineries for those difficulties coming up in fiscal thought. Conversely, mathematicians were influenced by way of quite a few mathematical problems raised by way of monetary theories. The sequence is designed to compile these mathematicians who're heavily attracted to getting new not easy stimuli from fiscal theories with these economists who're looking potent mathematical instruments for his or her research.

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  • Economics
  • Download E-books [(New Economics as Mainstream Economics )] [Author: Philip Arestis] [Jul-2011] PDF

    By Philip Arestis, Malcolm Sawyer (eds.)

    This quantity bargains with either a brand new theoretical framework and the aptitude of recent economics to take on a few financial problems.It bargains special research and trained touch upon the kind of new economics rising within the aftermath of the monetary predicament and the 'great recession'.

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  • Economics
  • Download E-books Economics Explained: Everything You Need to Know About How the Economy Works and Where It's Going PDF

    By Robert L. Heilbroner

    In its fourth version, Economics Explained keeps its introduced purpose—to clarify that mysterious factor referred to as economics—with a brand new urgency.

    It is introduced within the first sentence of the creation: "Just in case the reader-to-be hasn't spotted, annoying issues are happening within the American economic climate those days."

    This new version is set those hectic issues: a pattern towards inequality of earning, the looks of a brand new "globalized" capitalism, the "specter" of inflation. As prior to, Robert Heilbroner and Lester Thurow deal with those difficulties in language that seeks to clarify their factors and coverings. during this ordinary, hugely available reference, Heilbroner and Thurow -- of America's Most worthy and articulate economists -- provide the entire economics crucial for turning into an efficient investor, a savvy company choice maker, or just an educated member of society.

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  • Economics
  • Download E-books Regulation and Economic Analysis: A Critique over Two Centuries (Topics in Regulatory Economics and Policy) PDF

    Regulation and monetary research: A Critique Over Centuries argues that lengthy adventure with the perform of rules creates a huge anti-intervention consensus between economists. This consensus is predicated on comparability of actual intervention to actual markets instead of an ideological preconception. it's proven that monetary idea can help all attainable positions on intervention. a lot conception is simply too summary to aid any coverage place; many arguments approximately how intervention can assist include skills expressing doubts approximately no matter if the capability will be learned; many theories illustrate the drawbacks of intervention. The gigantic literature on those concerns concentrates both on particular instances or polemics that exaggerate either side of the argument.
    Regulation and financial Analysis seeks to teach the intensity of the discontent, advance interpretations of financial thought that persist with from skepticism approximately statism and supply chosen illustrations. The dialogue starts off with exam of basic equilibrium conception and proceeds to debate industry failure with tension on monopoly and rather what's deemed over the top drawback with predatory habit. overseas alternate matters, transaction expenditures, estate rights, fiscal theories of presidency, the position of precise associations such as contracts, the defects of macroeconomic and fairness arguments for regulating person markets, environmental economics and the defects of public land administration regulations are tested.

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  • Economics
  • Download E-books Australian Mineral Economics - A Survey of Important Issues PDF

    By Maxwell, Philip; Guj, Pietro (Eds.)

    This booklet offers a well timed evaluation of monetary, monetary and coverage matters affecting the mining either in Australia and the world over. the amount offers an informative evaluation of mineral economics set out in 4 major sections contain where of minerals and the realm financial system; mineral call for, offer and the operation of mineral markets; mineral finance, undertaking overview, danger evaluation and feasibility experiences; and minerals and public coverage. This booklet will carry curiosity to these minerals pros wishing to maintain abreast of present considering in this topic. it is going to have specific charm for the mineral economics pupil looking to achieve an knowing of this box.
    entrance subject
    • Preface
    • desk of Contents
    1. Mineral Economics - An creation
    •Part A. Minerals and the area financial system 2. Minerals, progress and improvement
    three. Minerals and the constructing international locations
    four. alternate in Minerals
    •Part B. Mineral-Consumption, creation and Markets five. Mineral call for - the speculation in perform
    6. Mineral offer - Exploration, construction, Processing and Recycling
    7. Mineral Markets, costs and the hot functionality of the Minerals and effort area
    eight. The Mineral area team
    •Part C. Mineral Finance and funding nine. An creation to Mineral Finance
    10. Mineral venture review - An creation
    eleven. initial, Prefeasibility and Feasibility reviews
    12. Mineral undertaking evaluate - facing Uncertainty and possibility
    •Part D. Minerals and Public coverage thirteen. Mineral coverage - An advent
    14. The felony and Regulatory setting of Mining
    15. Mineral Taxation and Royalties
    sixteen. Mining, Sustainability and Sustainable improvement
    17. Mining and Indigenous Populations
    18. Minerals and nearby improvement
    • word list of phrases
    topic Index
    identify Index

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  • Economics
  • Download E-books Winning Airlines: Productivity and Cost Competitiveness of the World's Major Airlines (Transportation Research, Economics and Policy) PDF

    Significant institutional, regulatory, and structural adjustments have happened in foreign air delivery in the past twenty years. many nations have deregulated their family airline industries and open skies continental blocs have shaped in Europe and North the United States A circulation is now underway to create a liberalized continental bloc in Australasia. foreign air shipping has been considerably liberalized a result of diminishing function of lATA as an cartel, and through a chain of liberalized bilateral agreements signed among many nations, together with the u.s. and united kingdom elevated liberalization and continentalization have triggered significant airways to create international carrier networks via inter-carrier alliances. And a majority of these adjustments are intensifYing pageant among significant vendors in either family and overseas markets. The elevated festival and financial recession within the early Nineties led many airways to large fmancial losses, forcing them to adopt significant restructuring to enhance potency and decrease bills. even though it is critical for an airline to map out right techniques within the globalizing airline undefined, the final word skill of a provider to swvive and prosper in more and more aggressive markets enormously is dependent upon its productiveness and price competitiveness.

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  • Economics
  • Download E-books The Economics of Natural Gas Storage: A European Perspective PDF

    By Anna Cretì (auth.), Anna Cretì (eds.)

    Within the context of an evolving worldwide marketplace for ordinary gasoline and restructuring efforts within the eu industry, fuel garage is a crucial aspect. supplying extra flexibility, selling pageant, and embellishing provide defense are the most important elements for traditional gasoline zone liberalization. garage in Europe has come to the heart of the power coverage debate in most cases as a result of very chilly temperatures in wintry weather 2005/06 and gasoline expense raises in the course of that point period.

    This e-book covers 4 major themes: improvement of industrial garage; entry law; potential allocation and marketplace strength; garage and defense of gasoline offer. every one bankruptcy places forth an leading edge analytical version mentioned or utilized to realistically clarify particular matters in a single of the 4 greatest eu gasoline eating nations (France, Germany, Italy and the UK).

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  • Economics
  • Download E-books The Economics of Networks: Interaction and Behaviours PDF

    By Gisèle Umbhauer (auth.), Prof. Dr. Patrick Cohendet, Prof. Dr. Patrick Llerena, Prof. Dr. Hubert Stahn, Associate Prof. Dr. Gisè

    The commercial inspiration of networks refers back to the constitution of brokers` interplay in addition to to the commercial estate of optimistic externalities. This booklet describes the economics of networks from numerous views between that are classical ways, equipment derived from physics, idea of evolutionary video games, and experimental economics. those various perspectives shed a brand new mild at the behaviour and interplay of monetary brokers, on networks and on similar phenomena: e.g., emergence of good macro buildings from micro interactions, standardisation, diffusion, protection of variety, position of heterogeneity, neighborhood studying, surplus construction and surplus allocation. The e-book offers the state-of-the-art and provides a different chance to appreciate particular networks phenomena via diverse theoretical and experimental ways.

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